General Submission Rules The Africanist accepts manuscripts that are original – devoid of plagiarism; and not previously published by any other journal, magazine, or any other media; or under review for publication by another journal or magazine. Submissions or questions/concerns regarding the journal should be sent via email to the Managing Editor at email@example.com. Formatting Requirements i. Submitted articles should not exceed 20 double-spaced pages, including notes (in 12-point Times New Roman font). ii. Submit your manuscript, including tables, figures, appendices, etc., as a Microsoft Word file (work submitted in other file formats would not be considered for publication). iii. All manuscripts should include an abstract of about 200 words at the head of the main text immediately after the title. iv. Contributors should not include their names or institutional affiliations on the main text but use a separate Microsoft word to provide a short biodata of about 100 words containing the author's full name, title, current affiliation, and research interest. v. The citation style for references is the APA Style Citations. These are called in-text citations. An APA in-text citation normally includes three items: the last name(s) of the author(s), the year the source was published, and sometimes the page. Then, the References or (Works Cited) comes ate the end (last page) of the manuscript. This provides full information such as the name of the author(s), the year the source was published, the full title of the source, and the URL or( page range).. These references (Works Cited)are listed in alphabetical order by the author's last name. Here are the details of Citation style and examples of the formatting. Quotations of 4 lines or longer must be indented by 0.5” (1.27cm); the font size is 11. Here follows an example: Tedlock (1977:516) proclaims a truth whose implications slip oral poetics by, when he writes: There remains a question as to what place critical discourse has in oral poetics. Members of primary oral cultures generally limit themselves to brief remarks about performances when they say anything at all, and such remarks are quickly forgotten. There is no such thing as an oral performance of the great critical discourse of the past. This is because performance of traditional stories and the criticism of those stories are really one and the same thing. This was an example of a longer quotation. Please note that the quotation is separated from the following body of text by a one-single-spaced line after. Note also that there is NO INDENTATION. However, if I start a new paragraph after the paragraph following the quotation, I MUST indent this new paragraph as in the following. Shorter quotations are embedded. Here is an example: Tedlock claims that “[M]embers of primary oral cultures generally limit themselves to brief remarks about performances when they say anything at all…” (Tedlock 1977:516). Note the format of the reference about author, year and page. “m-Dash”. This sign is used as a sort of parenthesis. Use what is known as m-dash; it is LONGER than the n-dash. There is NO EMPTY SPACE before and after the m-dashI hope you see what I mean just here. Put your references at the end of your paper according to the following formatstarting with the heading of the references called “Works Cited”: Works Cited This sample is adapted from http://owl.englih.purdue/owl/resource/747/12. It covers all current types of reference. Notice that the format changes according to number of authors, type of publication or media. Works Cited “Blueprint Lays Out Clear Path for Climate Action.” Environmental Defense Fund. Environmental Defense Fund, 8 May 2007. Web. 24 May 2009. Clinton, Bill. Interview by Andrew C. Revkin. “Clinton on Climate Change.” New York Times. New York Times, May 2007. Web. 25 May 2009. Dean, Cornelia. “Executive on a Mission: Saving the Planet.” New York Times. New York Times, 22 May 2007. Web. 25 May 2009. Ebert, Roger. “An Inconvenient Truth.” Rev. of An Inconvenient Truth, dir. Davis Guggenheim. rogerebert.com. Sun-Times News Group, 2 June 2006. Web. 24 May 2009. GlobalWarming.org. Cooler Heads Coalition, 2007. Web. 24 May 2009. Gowdy, John. “Avoiding Self-organized Extinction: Toward a Co-evolutionary Economics of Sustainability.” International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology 14.1 (2007): 27-36. An Inconvenient Truth. Dir. Davis Guggenheim. Perf. Al Gore, Billy West. Paramount, 2006. DVD. Leroux, Marcel. Global Warming: Myth Or Reality?: The Erring Ways of Climatology. New York: Springer, 2005. Milken, Michael, Gary Becker, Myron Scholes, and Daniel Kahneman. “On Global Warming and Financial Imbalances.” New Perspectives Quarterly 23.4 (2006): 63. Nordhaus, William D. “After Kyoto: Alternative Mechanisms to Control Global Warming.” American Economic Review 96.2 (2006): 31-34. . “Global Warming Economics.” Science 9 Nov. 2001: 1283-84. Science Online. Web. 24 May 2009. Shulte, Bret. “Putting a Price on Pollution.” Usnews.com. US News & World Rept., 6 May 2007. Web. 24 May 2009. Uzawa, Hirofumi. Economic Theory and Global Warming. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2003. vi. All margins (left, right, top and bottom) should be 1 inch, including your tables and figures. vii. Contributors who intend to reproduce in their manuscripts materials in which they do not hold copyright should obtain necessary permissions before their accepted manuscripts would be published. viii. Manuscripts must be in English, either American or British. Contributors should be consistent throughout. ix. If figures are included, use high-resolution figures. Review Process Two anonymous external reviewers will evaluate all manuscripts submitted. To ensure anonymous peer review, the main text should not contain the name of the author (especially in the footnote), nor contain acknowledgments that may reveal the identity of the author, especially in the notes. After the manuscript has been accepted, authors may provide acknowledgments. Authors will receive reviewers’ reports within two or three months after submissions. If the reports are favorable, contributors will be given two months to submit a revised copy of their manuscripts. Contributors will have the opportunity to review copyedited and page proof copies of their manuscripts before publication. Rights for Authors and Encompass Authors will receive an electronic copy of the issue in which their articles appeared. Authors retain copyright but grant the Africanist exclusive first publication rights and a non-exclusive license to have the work reproduced in other ways, including in electronic databases, books, and on-line. Once an author's work has been published in the Africanist, the author can use it in any way she/he wishes, so long as that use is consistent with the license given the Africanist to continue to use the work for the duration of its copyright in all languages, throughout the world, in all media. The journal asks only that authors acknowledge in subsequent works the publication of earlier versions in the Africanist. Click here to visit the journal's website.